Selecting and Narrowing Topic
How do I cite sources in my speech?
Direct Quotations :
These should be acknowledged in your speech or presentation either as “And I quote...” or “As [the source] put it...”
Include title and author: “According to April Jones, author of Readings on Gender...”
Include title and date: “Time, March 28, 2005, explains...” or “The New York Times, June 5, 2006, explained it this way...”
Include journal title, date, and author: “Morgan Smith writes in the Fall 2005 issue of Science...”
For organizational or long-standing website, include title: “The center for Disease Control website includes information...”
For news or magazine websites, include title and date: “CNN.com, on March 28, 2005, states...” (Note: CNN is an exception to the “don’t use the address” rule because the site is known by that name).
Interviews, lecture notes, or personal communication :
Include name and credentials of source: “Alice Smith, professor of Economics at USM, had this to say about the growth plan...” or “According to junior Speech Communication major, Susan Wallace...".
Citing Sources in Your Speech
Mastering the art of proper citation adds credibility and depth to your speech, acknowledging the valuable sources that contribute to your ideas. Explore the essential techniques of citing sources in your speech to elevate your discourse and engage your audience.